October 16, 2017

Nepal

CRT-Nepal has worked actively to implement Eco-Village Development (EVD) in three local villages in the earthquake-affected Kavrepalanchowk district. The organization also has advocated for EVD from grassroots to the national level.

The EVD project has been a significant positive factor in the recovery after a massive earthquake struck in 2015. After the earthquake, immediate needs assessments were made through dialogues with the communities. New EVD solutions were identified in all three villages based on their needs and feasibility. These included portable improved cook stoves, solar PV, plastic tunnel houses for vegetable cultivation, micro-irrigation systems, and rainwater harvesting. In addition to local demonstrations, building capacity was also a priority. The villagers learned to integrate water-lifting technologies with micro-irrigation systems and with their agricultural practices to accomplish more with less water. Training in repair, handling, and maintenance of the solar PV components was also given to the communities, as well as training in climate-resilient agricultural practices that allow them to cultivate offseason vegetables.

Raising awareness and disseminating knowledge is an important part of sensitizing project communities and neighboring communities. The local governmental energy officer of the district also participated in knowledge dissemination on government programs relevant to EVD. Among the results were development of used-water-collection ponds, cowshed management, development of fishponds, pit composting, and growing fruit trees in backyards.

VILLAGE DEVELOPMENT PLANS
The EVD project gives villagers the tools and guidance that they need to plan the development of their own village. Primary emphasis is placed on village development plans and on enabling communities to communicate their plans to the concerned stakeholders. Through continuous dialogue with the communities, the project team is supporting village development plans from the grassroots level. For that purpose, the villagers have learned about climate change and about the impacts of climate change on their livelihoods. Representatives from the villages were trained to do assessments of needs and resources, to identify the problems faced by their communities along with the potential solutions to the problems. They were also invited to participate in a national renewable-energy technology exhibition organized by the Alternative Energy Promotion Center to get first-hand experience and to learn about various potential solutions. As of now, villagers are in the process of identifying the development indicators based on which the village development plans will be finalized and shared with the concerned stakeholders.

OBJECTIVES AND RESULTS ACHIEVED 

  • 11 low cost, locally available, producing low greenhouse gas, renewable energy technology and practices promoted.
  • 107 houses adopting at least 1 climate friendly technology or practice.
  • Significant increase in income by using climate adaptive agricultural practices like plastic tunnel, fish farming
  • Skill based training on agro-based practices like household and cattle waste management, mushroom farming, tomato farming, off-seasonal vegetable farming, micro-irrigation (drip and sprinkler irrigation) was given to 98 people while Solar PV repair and maintenance training was given to 26 local people.
  • Successful case study compilation book in English and Nepali was published on May 2016 and was distributed to national policy makers during different events. Also a flyer on EVD was prepared in English and Nepali on June 2017 to use as a distribution material.
  • Booklet on Environment Friendly Technologies and Practices was published in Nepali language on September 2016
  • Documentary on EVD uploaded on youtube.
  • Conduction of events to advocate and sensitize local and national governmental and non-governmental organization about the EVD concept.
  • Organized National Dialogue on May, 2016 to introduce EVD concept as an integrated approach of creating development focused, low carbon communities of practice.
  • Organized Follow up of National Dialogue as site visit to the stakeholders and interaction program with community on 29 November, 2016.
  • Organized National Event 1 as a Workshop on Eco-Village Development as low carbon approach to climate solutions and rural development on 7th April, 2017.
  • District Level Meeting organized on 27 June, 2017 to review project to local government.
  • Organized National Event 2 on 7th July, 2017 the presence of National Planning Commission (NPC) and Alternative Energy Promotion Centre (AEPC).
  • Documentary on EVD prepared and telecasted on National television channel

WHAT DIFFERENCE HAS THE INTERVENTION MADE? 

Besides a change in people’s livelihood in terms of an increase in income and awareness and knowledge received about environment and climate change, support from the local government for the project is also one of the important aspects of this intervention. EVD concept and work has been introduced to national policy makers, climate negotiators and several other organizations working during different events, exhibitions. News on EVD published in newspaper, presence in social media and other media, has resulted in recognition among a larger mass. Organizations like AMRUT and several independent researchers from Bangladesh and Sweden visited CRT/N to know more about the project. Proposal on The emPOWER village Project based upon EVD concept and Empowerment training has been submitted jointly with University of Illinois and John Hopkins University, USA to Prince Albert II of Monaco Foundation. During the course of intervention, CRT/N got the opportunity to work with different regional and national organization, which created a path for future collaboration and networking.

You can learn more about the EVD projects in Nepal at the website of CRT-N and INFORSE and read some case stories here.